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Soutenance de thèse

Enlarged Krylov Subspace Methods and Preconditioners for Avoiding Communication

Soutenance de thèse de Sophie MOUFAWAD

The performance of an algorithm on any architecture is dependent on the processing unit’s speed for performing floating point operations (flops) and the speed of accessing memory and disk. As the cost of communication is much higher than arithmetic operations, and since this gap is expected to continue to increase exponentially, communication is often the bottleneck in numerical algorithms. In a quest to address the communication problem, recent research has focused on communication avoiding Krylov subspace methods based on the so called s-step methods.

However there are very few communication avoiding preconditioners, and this represents a serious limitation of these methods. In this thesis, we present a communication avoiding ILU0 preconditioner for solving large systems of linear equations (Ax=b) by using iterative Krylov subspace methods. Our preconditioner allows to perform s iterations of the iterative method with no communication, by applying a heuristic alternating min-max layers reordering to the input matrix A, and through ghosting some of the input data and performing redundant computation.

We also introduce a new approach for reducing communication in the Krylov subspace methods, that consists of enlarging the Krylov subspace by a maximum of t vectors per iteration, based on the domain decomposition of the graph of A. The enlarged Krylov projection subspace methods lead to faster convergence in terms of iterations and to parallelizable algorithms with less communication, with respect to Krylov methods. We discuss two new versions of Conjugate Gradient,  multiple search direction with orthogonalization CG (MSDO-CG) and long recurrence enlarged CG (LRE-CG).

Le jury sera composé de :
  • DR Laura Grigori, INRIA Rocquencourt, Directrice de thèse
  • DR Jocelyn Erhel, INRIA Rennes, Rapporteur
  • Professeur Julien Langou, University of Colorado Denver, Rapporteur
  • DR Frederic Nataf, Université Pierre et Marie Curie, Examinateur
  • Professeur Nabil Nassif, American University of Beirut, Examinateur
  • Professeur Yvon Maday, Université Pierre et Marie Curie, Examinateur
  • Professeur Hassane Sadok, Université du Littoral, Examinateur

Keywords: Soutenance Thèse Enlarged Krylov Subspace Methods Preconditioners Avoiding Communication