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POMDAPI Research team

Activity reports

Overall Objectives

The project-team Pomdapi is concerned with the construction and analysis of simulation tools for the modeling of environmental and energy problems and numerical analysis. These tools include numerical approximation schemes for partial differential equations, nonlinear solvers, numerical techniques in optimization and complementarity problems, a posteriori error estimates, and adaptivity. We are equally interested in reliable and correct programming methods for the implementation of these tools.

Our research activities are structured as follows. The axis on numerical environmental modeling encompasses the study of

coupled problems, including coupling transport with chemistry, coupling of fracture flow with matrix flow with various choices of flow in the fracture and in the matrix, and the modeling of drainage in an agricultural parcel;

problems of flow and transport in porous media for hydrogeology or oil reservoir simulation; and

approximation schemes for partial differential equations, including the use of hexahedral grids, and the problem of two-phase flow in a porous medium with a change of rock type.

The activities on continuous optimization deal with the development of optimization solvers for constrained problems (quadratic solvers and Newtonian solvers), interior point methods, decomposition methods for large scale optimization (application to the optimization of the electricity production), semi-definite and polynomial optimization (application to the global optimization of the power flow in an electricity network), and derivative free optimization.

Complementarity problems deal with systems of equations, in which the active equations at the solution is part of the unknowns, while inactive equations must satisfy a sign condition. We address such problems that play a major part in the modeling of geophysical systems and of chemical processes. The activities deal with numerical techniques for solving linear and nonlinear problems, in particular through the Newton-min approach.

The research on programming models splits into (i) high-performance computing, with the development of new algorithms as space–time domain decomposition, and reflections on parallel implementation for large scale computations; and (ii) reliable and correct programming for scientific computing, including skeleton-based programming for safe parallelization, the development of two generic platforms (one for the implementation of the coupling of numerical codes and the other for solving inverse problems), and formal proofs of correctness for numerical programs.

The research in numerical analysis focuses on the so-called guaranteed and robust a posteriori error estimates. These are fully computable quantities allowing to tightly bound the error in a numerical approximation of a partial differential equation. More precisely, we have recently focused on their usage for distinguishing different error components and conception of adaptive stopping criteria for iterative linear and nonlinear solvers. We are also developing fully adaptive strategies, combining adaptive stopping criteria with adaptive space and time mesh refinement.