MOKAPLAN Research team
Advances in Numerical Calculus of Variations
The last decade has witnessed a remarkable convergence between several sub-domains of the calculus of variations, namely optimal transport (and its many generalizations), infinite dimensional geometry of diffeomorphisms groups and inverse problems in imaging (in particular sparsity-based regularization).
This convergence is due to (i) the mathematical objects manipulated in these problems, namely sparse measures (e.g. coupling in transport, edge location in imaging, displacement fields for diffeomorphisms) and (ii) the use of similar numerical tools from non-smooth optimization and geometric discretization schemes.
Mokaplan team members have been at the heart of the convergence.
Optimal Transportation , diffeomorphisms and sparsity-based methods are powerful modeling tools, that impact a rapidly expanding list of scientific applications and call for efficient numerical strategies.
The dynamical formulation of optimal transport creates a link between optimal transport and geodesics on diffeomorphisms groups. This formal link has at least two strong implications that \mkp's will elaborate on: (i) the development of novel models that bridge the gap between these two fields ; (ii) the introduction of novel fast numerical solvers based on ideas from both non-smooth optimization techniques and Bregman metrics.
In a similar line of ideas, we believe a unified approach is needed to tackle both sparse regularization in imaging and various generalized OT problems. Both require to solve related non-smooth and large scale optimization problems. Ideas from proximal optimization has proved crucial to address problems in both fields. Transportation metrics are also the correct way to compare and regularize variational problems that arise in image processing. This unity in term of numerical methods is once again at the core of our research
Research teams of the same theme :
- ACUMES - Analysis and Control of Unsteady Models for Engineering Sciences
- CAGIRE - Computational AGility for internal flows sImulations and compaRisons with Experiments
- CARDAMOM - Certified Adaptive discRete moDels for robust simulAtions of CoMplex flOws with Moving fronts
- DEFI - Shape reconstruction and identification
- ECUADOR - Program transformations for scientific computing
- ELAN - ModEling the appearance of Nonlinear phenomena
- GAMMA3 - Automatic mesh generation and advanced methods
- MATHERIALS - MATHematics for MatERIALS
- MEMPHIS - Modeling Enablers for Multi-PHysics and InteractionS
- MEPHYSTO-POST - Quantitative methods for stochastic models in physics
- MINGUS - Multi-scale numerical geometric schemes
- NACHOS - Numerical modeling and high performance computing for evolution problems in complex domains and heterogeneous media
- NANO-D - Algorithms for Modeling and Simulation of Nanosystems
- POEMS-POST - Wave propagation: mathematical analysis and simulation
- RAPSODI - Reliable numerical approximations of dissipative systems.