DEFI Research team
Shape reconstruction and identification
The research activity of our team is dedicated to the design, analysis and implementation
of efficient numerical methods to solve inverse and shape/topological optimization
problems in connection with acoustics, electromagnetism, elastodynamics, and
diffusion. Sought practical applications include radar and sonar applications,
bio-medical imaging techniques, non-destructive testing, structural design,
composite materials, and diffusion magnetic resonance imaging.
Roughly speaking, the model problem consists in determining information on,
or optimizing the geometry (topology) and the physical properties of unknown targets
from given constraints or measurements, for instance, measurements of diffracted waves
or induced magnetic fields. In general this kind of problems is non-linear. The inverse ones are also severely ill-posed and therefore require special attention from regularization point of view,
and non-trivial adaptations of classical optimization methods.
We are particularly interested in the development of fast methods that
are suited for real-time applications and/or large scale problems. These goals
require to work on both the physical and the mathematical models involved and
indeed a solid expertise in related numerical algorithms.
Our scientific research interests are three-fold:
- Theoretical understanding and analysis of the forward and inverse mathematical models, including in particular the development of simplified models for adequate asymptotic configurations.
- The design of efficient numerical optimization/inversion methods which are quick and robust with respect to noise. Special attention will be paid to algorithms capable of treating large scale problems (e.g. 3-D problems) and/or suited for real-time imaging.
- Development of prototype/industrial softwares for precise applications or tutorial toolboxes.
- Non-iterative methods for inverse boundary value problems, inverse scattering problems and imaging (Samplings methods for multistatic data at a fixed frequency, Asymptotic methods, Qualitative estimates for target identification problems, ...)
- Shape and topological optimization methods with application to inverse problems (Homogenization and small amplitude homogenization methods, Level Set methods, Toplogical gradient methods, ...)
- Hybrid methods
- Regularization and stability issues for ill-posed problems and imaging (Stability estimates, Methods of total variation, Edge preserving image reconstructions, ...)
International and industrial relations
- EDF, DGA, Xenocs, ART-FI, Neurospin
- Universities of Delaware (USA), Rutgers University (USA), University of Bremen (Germany), University of Goettingen (Germany), ENIT (Tunisia), ITU (Turkey), University of Genova (Italy).
Research teams of the same theme :
- ACUMES - Analysis and Control of Unsteady Models for Engineering Sciences
- CAGIRE - Computational AGility for internal flows sImulations and compaRisons with Experiments
- CARDAMOM - Certified Adaptive discRete moDels for robust simulAtions of CoMplex flOws with Moving fronts
- ECUADOR - Program transformations for scientific computing
- ELAN - ModELisation de l'apparence des phénomènes Non-linéaires
- GAMMA3 - Automatic mesh generation and advanced methods
- IPSO - Invariant Preserving SOlvers
- MATHERIALS - MATHematics for MatERIALS
- MEMPHIS - Modeling Enablers for Multi-PHysics and InteractionS
- MEPHYSTO-POST - Quantitative methods for stochastic models in physics
- MOKAPLAN - Advances in Numerical Calculus of Variations
- NACHOS - Numerical modeling and high performance computing for evolution problems in complex domains and heterogeneous media
- NANO-D - Algorithms for Modeling and Simulation of Nanosystems
- POEMS - Wave propagation: mathematical analysis and simulation
- RAPSODI - Reliable numerical approximations of dissipative systems.