When I am searching for an itinerary on my smartphone via my favourite application, how do I know that the algorithm used is not resorting to commercial criteria in order to make me go through commercial points of interest? The aim of the TransAlgo project is to shed light on these types of practices when they are not made explicit; a project that has just awarded to Inria by Axelle Lemaire in the context of the French Law for a Digital Republic. How can methods that make it possible to verify if a decision is taken based on unacceptable criteria be developed? Nozha Boujemaa, who has been tasked with this major work, responds.
How can we best gauge, explore and anticipate the social impacts of the massive digital advances of our time? The Inria monitoring and forecasting cell has risen to the challenge in a white paper devoted to artificial intelligence, a policy document that provides a wide-ranging introduction to the issues raised by the progress of research in the field of AI.
Vincent Calvez has been awarded the EMS 2016 prize for his work at the intersection between mathematics and biology. Through his research on the collective migration of bacteria within a large concentration wave, he has made a fundamental contribution to mathematical analysis and the development of new mathematical models, with applications in biology and biophysics.
After winning a silver trophy in the "collective disruption" category at the Edison Awards 2016, held in New York (USA) on 21 April, the Greentouch consortium announced its final results: its new approaches can make wireless networks over 10,000 times more energy efficient.
Imagine a dial or slider emerging from the screen of your touchscreen phone: new forms of human-computer interaction proposed by Céline Coutrix, researcher at the Laboratoire d’Informatique de Grenoble (LIG). Her research included experiments and prototyping using the Amiqual4Home platform, and has received an award at the CHI 2016 in San José, USA.
Nearly 100,000 billion neurons, each typically having 10,000 synapses and an almost infinite number of possible connections: grey matter is, in itself, a formidable mathematical object. At theInstitut du cerveau et de la moelle épinière(the Brain and Spinal Cord Institute),the researchers of the Aramis project team, using statistics and image analysis, work with doctors to improve our understanding of the mechanisms of pathologies such as Alzheimer’s disease.
- Inria de Paris
As part of TANDEM*, an Investment in the Future Programme, the Cardamom project-team is contributing to “the expansion of scientific knowledge of France to anticipate the impact of a tsunami on France's Atlantic coastlines.” Ten renowned partners have committed to the four-year multidisciplinary project designed to provide improved awareness of risks and corrective actions to take.
An engineer with the Perception team at Inria Grenoble - Rhône-Alpes, Quentin Pelorson is also a BMX champion. By developing the Flatland Tricky application - which reconstitutes figures in 3D - he has succeeded in combining his two passions.
Freshly recruited by Inria research center, in Rennes, Brittany, France, German scientist Christian Grothoff is to lead a new team that will design innovative network protocols meant to build a decentralised, secure and privacy-preserving communication infrastructure. In that context, one of his goals is to give the world a new and heavily-encrypted payment system that would protect customer's identity while enabling governments to collect taxes. As he explains, TALER has potential for sustaining a more socially-respectable economy.
On the 28th of May, the French blog "Binaire - l'informatique - la science au cœur du numérique" published an article by Christian Duriez, manager of the Inria Lille - Nord Europe Defrost research team. The article focused on the main research interest of this team : deformable robotics. Citing parallels with the newly-released Disney film, Big Hero 6 , Christian Duriez helps us to understand whether the soft robot Baymax is solely a work of fiction, or whether it is based on real soft robot research. The article has been published jointly with )i(nterstices, an online scientific journal, created by researchers with the aim of bringing computer science to a wider public.