With 5% of cancers still going undetected during the first X-ray reading, the "Digital Mammography Challenge" tackles a major public health issue. This year a start-up, Inria Therapixel, won the 1st round, thanks to a particularly effective algorithm. A great success for the company which turned its focus to artificial intelligence at the beginning of 2016.
Locating an element in an image by asking a series of questions. That is the purpose of GuessWhat?!, an interactive game created by researchers in the Sequel project team, in collaboration with a Canadian team. More than just a simple game, it is a real technical challenge: teaching a computer to dialogue naturally starting from an image. The first - promising - results have earned the team a publication at the very prestigious CVPR, the biggest international conference in the field of computer vision.
The goal of the SmartMarina project is to use Internet of Things technology to monitor boat mooring occupancy and water/electricity use in the of Cap d'Agde marina, one of the three largest marinas in Europe.
Supported by French research institute Inria, SimGrid is an open source tool for the simulation of distributed systems. Over the last 15 years, it has become a staple in more than one scientific community across the globe, contributing to performance optimization in many contexts. The next challenge is to help SimGrid reach the industry, an effort for which Inria is about to start a two-year Technical Action, as project coordinator Martin Quinson explains.
A former Inria Grenoble Rhône-Alpes research student with the nano-D team, Maël Bosson has created a company to develop the connected and "smart" electric bike; he was also one of the first daily users of the electric bike in 2011, during his PhD.
How can disinformation - "fake news" - be traced? What are the sources of production? What are the levers of circulation and reception of disinformation on the Web and on digital platforms? This is a study topic for the Public Data Lab, an interdisciplinary network of researchers, which has just published its first results - a guide to disinformation - during the International Journalism Festival, an event that brings together thousands of journalists from Europe and the rest of the world and which took place in Perugia, Italy.
The decree of 28 October 2016 authorising the creation of a centralised file of "secure electronic documents" (TES) has raised a certain number of questions and concerns. The main aim put forward by the French government is the fight against identity fraud. However, the text of the decree also authorises certain accesses to the database by officers of the national police, national Gendarmerie and intelligence. Many voices have been raised to highlight the risks that such a centralised file could represent with regard to individual freedom, and particularly the invasion of citizens' privacy. Here, Inria gives its objective analysis and its recommendations in order to ensure the protection of privacy.
When I am searching for an itinerary on my smartphone via my favourite application, how do I know that the algorithm used is not resorting to commercial criteria in order to make me go through commercial points of interest? The aim of the TransAlgo project is to shed light on these types of practices when they are not made explicit; a project that has just awarded to Inria by Axelle Lemaire in the context of the French Law for a Digital Republic. How can methods that make it possible to verify if a decision is taken based on unacceptable criteria be developed? Nozha Boujemaa, who has been tasked with this major work, responds.
How can we best gauge, explore and anticipate the social impacts of the massive digital advances of our time? The Inria monitoring and forecasting cell has risen to the challenge in a white paper devoted to artificial intelligence, a policy document that provides a wide-ranging introduction to the issues raised by the progress of research in the field of AI.
Vincent Calvez has been awarded the EMS 2016 prize for his work at the intersection between mathematics and biology. Through his research on the collective migration of bacteria within a large concentration wave, he has made a fundamental contribution to mathematical analysis and the development of new mathematical models, with applications in biology and biophysics.