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Léa Angeli et Sarah Alzieu - 15/03/2016

It's Brain Awareness Week: time find out what the latest research is all about

Team ARAMIS © Inria / Photo C. Morel

From 15 to 20 March 2016 it will be Brain Awareness Week, an event being held all over France. As part of this emblematic week of science, you can learn about the research being carried out at Inria to help us understand more about how this fascinating organ works and, occasionally, to help it work more effectively.

Inria researchers are involved in the study of how our central nervous system works, how to treat it when it goes wrong, how to interact with it and how to model it. 

Healthcare and Neuroscience

Combining digital technology and healthcare, research in Neuroscience is a multidisciplinary affair. At Inria we have many teams working on such technological advances, some of which may well prove to be of vital significance.

The Athena project team

The Athena project team studies the anatomy and functional connectivity of the central nervous system using magneto-encephalography and diffusion MRI.

The Nachos project team

Stéphane Lanteri, a researcher in the Nachos project team, focuses on the impact of electromagnetic waves on the brain using simulation.

The Parietal project team

Until 2013, the Parietal team, a joint Inria-Microsoft team, worked on the a-brain project. It has now turned its focus to structural modelling of the brain using MRI data.

The Neurosys project team

The Neurosys team studies functional relations in the brain. For example, Laura Burhy is working on the impact of anaesthetics on inter-neuronal relations.

The Aramis project team

Based at the Pitié-Salpêtrière hospital in Paris and working in direct collaboration with neuroscientists and doctors, the Aramis team studies the evolution of degenerative diseases using longitudinal data from medical imaging.

The Visages project team

The Visages project team uses medical imaging to develop new ways to treat depression: it is developing a real-time 3D neuronavigation tool, using transcranian magnetic stimulation (TMS). To enhance the use of medical imaging data in treating multiple sclerosis, it is inventing an open source platform called Shanoir

The Asclepios project team 

The Asclepios project team works on the analysis of medical and biological images, based on geometrical, statistical, physical and functional models. It applies these tools in medicine and biology with a view to improving prevention, diagnosis and treatment. Asclepios also works in collaboration with the Visages (Rennes), Athena (Sophia) and Parietal (Saclay) teams on a medical imaging analysis tool for clinical use, called MedInria .

The Pixyl project team

The Pixyl start-up is an off-shoot from the MISTIS team of statisticians. It works on MRI imaging with a view to facilitating the diagnosis of brain lesions, and is developing automated tools for biomarker extraction, which can be used to assess how effective treatment is.

Interfaces Cerveau-Machine

There are many potential applications in the field of direct brain-machine relations, including learning, control and clinical applications, to name but a few. It's all in a day's work for Inria researchers contributing to progress in this high growth sector.

The Aramis project team

Fabrizio De Vico Fallani is a member of the Aramis team and develops brain-machine interfaces which may help people who are paralysed or have locked-in syndrome to communicate.

The Flowers project team

Jonathan Grizou, a member of the Flowers team, wrote his thesis on an intelligent brain-machine interface that learns how the user functions and can spell out words.

The Hybrid project team

The Hybrid project team developed the OpenVibe software, a free and open-source platform for designing and using these new kinds of interface.

The Potioc project team

The Potioc team develops learning tools for brain-machine interfaces as well as software designed to optimise 3D interfaces.

The Athena project team 

The Athena project team explores the brain's electrical activity. Combining mathematics and computer science, it extracts dynamic information from the active human brain. This interdisciplinary research is conducted at Inria in liaison with the university hospitals in Marseille and Nice.

Keywords: Neuroscience Brain-Machine Interfaces Human-Machine Interaction HMI Healthcare Brain Awareness Week