History of Inria
Educated at the Ecole Polytechnique, Louis Pouzin joined IRIA in 1970, where he took his place at the helm of the Cyclades project.
Louis Pouzin joined the Compagnie industrielle des téléphones in 1953, moved to Bull in 1957 and then spent two years at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) where he worked on time-sharing programming, a revolutionary concept at the time, and invented the first Shell interpreter. Back in France, he designed an operating system for Météo-France in 1967, before being recruited by IRIA as part of the Plan Calcul in order to build the first French computer network able to compete with the newly created American network, Arpanet. In 1980, he joined Cnet to give training. Since his retirement, Louis Pouzin has dedicated himself to Internet governance issues.
On 18 March 2013, he was awarded the Queen Elizabeth Prize for Engineering.