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Adrien Lèbre

Research

Bringing computing and storage closer to the user

Jean-Michel Prima - 20/09/2018

A new team led by Adrien Lebre in Nantes, Stack is working to redefine the infrastructures of cloud computing. The goal: to relocate data centres to meet the new lag constraints of new uses (augmented reality, Internet of Things, etc.) while trying to minimise the energy impact. To orchestrate this transition from cloud to edge computing, academics and manufacturers rely on consistent open-source projects, such as the eco-system OpenStack supported by a community of more than 1,500 regular developers.

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Olivier Zendra

Europe - Research

Mastering Non-Functional Properties of Software: Energy, Time, Security

Jean-Michel Prima - 11/09/2018

A European consortium led by Inria and funded by the EU ICT H2020 program, TeamPlay aims at developing new techniques that will allow execution time, energy, security and other important non-functional properties of parallel software to be treated as first-class citizens. As Project Coordinator Olivier Zendra points out, this research is expected to have a significant impact on various sectors of the industry. Results will be evaluated through use cases from various domains such as computer vision, cybersecurity, satellites and drones.

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Cybersécurité : chasse aux malwares

Cybersecurity

Quantum Leap in Ransomware Tracking

Jean-Michel Prima - 4/09/2018

Located at Inria research center in Rennes, Brittany, France, the High-Security Laboratory (LHS) is coming up with a game-changing approach to ransomware countermeasure. Instead of relying on a signature database or scanning the system for suspicious behavior, the novel tool monitors alteration of the data in search of illegitimate encryption attempts. Called Data Aware Defense (DAD), this yet-to-be-marketed technology is patented jointly by Inria and DGA, the French defense procurement agency.

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Emmanuelle Anceaume Emmanuelle Anceaume

Cybersecurity

Improving Bitcoin... with forks

Jean-Michel Prima (*) - 30/08/2018

Created 10 years ago, Bitcoin allows secure and anonymous payments without going through a bank. The new currency is based on a particularly well-design mechanism called a blockchain. A mixture of cryptography and distributed architecture, this tamper-proof registry guarantees the validity of successive transactions. But problems are arising: the computing cost is soaring. Energy expenditure as well. It is also impossible to manage a large number of transactions per second. Specializing in peer-to-peer (P2P) networks, researcher Emmanuelle Anceaume, from Rennes, proposes two new innovations to enable it to transition to another scale.

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© branex - Fotolia.com

Agriculture

Using the cloud to simulate epizootics

Jean-Michel Prima - 21/08/2018

Large-scale simulation can help in deciding on the right strategy for curbing animal epidemics. But that requires a lot of computing power. Hence the idea of using cloud computing. The problem? Existing applications have never been designed to take advantage of the high elasticity of such an architecture. Developed at the Inria Rennes – Bretagne Atlantique centre, DiFFuSE is a new framework enabling not only the design and management of simulations operating on the cloud, but also the conversion of old applications to enable them to exploit this distributed infrastructure. As part of a future consortium, DiFFuSE will be used to create new decision-making tools for the animal health sector.

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Edition 2018 de Informatique et Tac

Teaching - Informatics

Why are girls shunning computer science?

Jean-Michel Prima - 20/08/2018

In France, very few girls are turning towards careers in computing. The reason? A widespread belief that these professions are primarily for boys and preferably for those who are a bit geeky. In order to dispel these prejudices, the Equality and Parity working group of Inria and Irisa organised an open day on 23 April at the Rennes research centre, for 48 students in year 8.

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Valérie Viet Triem Tong & Jean-François Lalande Valérie Viet Triem Tong & Jean-François Lalande, from CIDRE research team

Security

Automatically Dissecting Android Malware

Jean-Michel Prima - 30/04/2018

The Android galaxy is plagued with a host of fake apps solely devised to rob smartphone users of their ID, their data or their money. Studying this type of infection vector, a group of French scientists is coming up with a string of innovative test and visualization tools meant to help security analysts investigate suspicious software, explore its inner-structure, force sleeping code out of dormancy and produce an intuitive graph representation of what the malware is really up to.

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Jean-Pierre TALPIN, responsable de l'équipe TEA Jean-Pierre TALPIN, head of TEA research team

Collaboration

Verifying integration of heterogeneous factory components

Jean-Michel Prima - 25/04/2018

In an automated factory, each equipment or machinery must meet a myriad of constraints. Ensuring that an entire factory chain satisfies these constraints and safety and security regulations requires simulation, test and verification. However, what can be proved when two heterogeneous components, e.g. mechanics and software, interact with each other? How can one prove that this hybrid aggregate also meets common, global, requirements such as, e.g. latency? Such is the question at the crux of a collaboration between Inria and Mitsubishi Electric R&D Centre Europe, two entities located on the same campus, in Rennes, Brittany, France.

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Rémi Gribonval, directeur de recherche Inria

Distinction

Rémi Gribonval, EURASIP Fellow 2018

Nathalie Lacaux - 26/03/2018

Rémi Gribonval, Inria researcher and head of PANAMA project-team, has just received EURASIP Fellow 2018. A prestigious distinction that awards his work in the field of signal processing.

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Pepper le robot Pepper, humanoïde robot - © Inria / Photo C. Morel

Horizon 2020

Helping Robots Gently Navigate Through Thick Crowds

Jean-Michel Prima (*) - 19/02/2018

With the advance of robotics, a variety of service bots will soon be trundling and treading the public spaces among people going about their daily occupations. Making navigation through human tides safe and smooth is the purpose of Crowdbot, a European consortium led by Inria and funded by the EU ICT H2020 program. As project coordinator Julien Pettré points out, this research places a strong emphasis on ethics.

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