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Robotics cluster: Robots serving humans

Interaction Homme-robot © Inria / Photo L. Phialy

Robotics, which for a long time has been limited to performing repetitive tasks in controlled environments, has made great strides and is now breaking into all areas of society, particularly in order to perform useful services for the well-being of humans and their environment. 

Today, robots have an increasingly significant impact in our modern societies. Robots, which for a long time were only used on production lines, now have applications in all sectors of the economy, whether it be health, space, aeronautics, transport and logistics, e-commerce or the exploration of seabeds and space. A genuine, yet still barely visible revolution is now brewing, thanks to the constant progress of this scientific discipline, especially relating to artificial intelligence.  

In particular, the centre's researchers are working on decisional autonomy, locomotion of humanoid or articulated robots, adaptation to a complex and non-controlled environment, the capacity to interact with humans, plus resistance to failures of various origins and operational security despite the heterogeneity and complexity of the constituent subsystems (networks and protocols, sensors, embedded computers, etc.). The tools developed to solve these problems use learning techniques, autonomous decision, natural interaction, formal modelling and performance assessment. The work is increasingly incorporating human factors (social acceptability, psycho-ergonomics, usability), in conjunction with several human and social science disciplines.  

Its applications

  • Multi-sensor systems and companion robots for monitoring elderly people living at home. 
  • Service robots to help perform technical gestures in order to reduce the arduousness of tasks and prevent musculoskeletal problems.
  • A flotilla of drones to monitor the environment and intervene in the event of risk. 
  • Cobotics (or collaborative robotics) within the scope of the factory of the future.
  • Multi-robot systems for the comprehensive autonomous mapping of an unknown environment.

Keywords: Robot Sensors Human-computer interaction Resilient robot Inria Nancy - Grand Est centre Technology platforms