A meeting with Héloïse Beaugendre and Camille Jeunet
At the Inria Bordeaux - Sud-Ouest research centre, over a hundred women are involved - directly or indirectly - with the work carried out in the research teams. On the occasion of International Women's Day, discover the portraits of Héloïse and Camille, a researcher and PhD student who are playing a part in creating the digital world of tomorrow.
The ice queen
Le plus clair de son temps, Héloïse Beaugendre le passe actuellement sur STORM, un projet de recherche collaborative européen qui traite du givrage/dégivrage des avions. Impératif écologique, matériaux composites, nouveaux designs, l’aéronautique fait sa « révolution copernicienne ». Cette maître de conférences, partagée entre l’équipe-projet Cardamom à Inria et l’Enseirb-Matmeca où elle enseigne les maths appliquées, y prend part avec l’aide d’un thésard. Sa tâche consiste à simuler numériquement la trajectoire des morceaux de glace qui, en se détachant, pourraient impacter le fuselage ou se faire aspirer par les nacelles de moteur. Un scenario catastrophe pour toute compagnie aérienne. Un enjeu de sécurité de premier ordre pour tous les passagers.
Héloïse Beaugendre currently spends most of her time on STORM, a European collaborative research project that focusses on the icing and de-icing of aircraft. Ecological imperative, composite materials, new designs...aeronautics is going through its "Copernican revolution". This university lecturer, who splits her time between the Cardamom project team at Inria and Enseirb-Matmeca - where she teaches applied mathematics - is participating with the help of a PhD student. Her mission consists in digitally simulating the trajectory of pieces of ice which, when they break off, could impact the fuselage or be sucked in by the engine nacelles. A catastrophic scenario for every airline - and a major security issue for all passengers.
The prospect of societal applications, the high technical content and the search for new equations in order to model a rather tricky multi-physical phenomenon such as ice: that is the type of combination that appeals to her. And this has been of considerable interest to the globe-trotting glider pilot for many years now, as her thesis - which she did in Canada - also focussed on this theme. "I could not work on equations if I didn't know what they were used for" , she says. For this, Héloïse Beaugendre does not hesitate to combine different approaches. She had the idea of introducing the penalisation technique to her equations for the digital blueprints of so-called "unstructured" meshes, and has not seen this create any "immediate blockage". All the better - this "teacher-researcher" who, following her A levels, was undecided between mathematics and philosophy, does not really like the idea of being "trapped in a specific field". Flexibility made woman
BCI- sushi or not sushi ?
"The critical period has begun" For Camille Jeunet, at the start of the third year of her thesis in cognitive sciences in the Potioc project team,"everything is happening at once" . "Projects, mediation, teaching, ideas...Choices have to be made, finishing what's been started and choosing what to include in the manuscript" . Last week - Hong Kong. Just before that, Sweden and Germany - the young women from the Landes region is getting ready to leave for Sussex, in England, to spend three months in a university laboratory. Then, when she gets back, Quebec and Austria.
She says she's very lucky. We get the impression she's very talented. And we’re not the only ones; her thesis topic was "spotted" by the University of Bordeaux, who granted her funding under the IdEx* project, making the internationalisation of her research possible. The jury and public of the regional semi-finals of the "My thesis in 180 seconds" competition were not wrong either. Camille isn't afraid of using analogies in order to explain her favourite topic - the improvement of training protocols to increase performances in the use of Brain Computer Interfaces (BCI)."The stumbling block today is the loss of the ability to deliver messages (movements, shifts, words, etc.) via the usual channels such as nerves and muscles. And so we need to find an alternative way of picking them up. It is a bit like when you have a sudden urge to eat sushi, and the delivery man tells you his vehicle has broken down. There are two possible solutions: either you forget about the sushi or you go and pick it up yourself. It is the same thing with BCIs. They make it possible to go and look for information directly at the source, i.e. in the brain"